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Trust Administration FAQs

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What Is Trust Litigation?

Trust litigation involves legal disputes related to the administration, interpretation, or validity of a trust. These disputes may arise between beneficiaries, trustees, and other interested parties, often due to concerns over mismanagement, interpretation of trust terms, or the grantor’s mental capacity when the trust was established.

How Does the Trust Litigation Process Work?

Understanding the trust litigation process can help all parties navigate this complex area of law.

Initial Assessment

When a trust dispute arises, the involved parties should consult with an experienced trust litigation attorney to evaluate the merits of their case. One of our Orlando wills and trusts attorneys will assess the facts, review relevant documents, and provide legal guidance on the likelihood of success and potential outcomes.

Demand Letter

In many cases, a demand letter is sent by the aggrieved party’s attorney to the opposing party, outlining the concerns and requesting specific actions or remedies. This step aims to resolve the dispute without proceeding to court and can potentially save time and money.

Mediation or Settlement Negotiations

If the demand letter does not resolve the issue, the parties may opt for mediation or settlement negotiations. This alternative dispute resolution method involves a neutral third party who assists in reaching a mutually acceptable agreement without court intervention.

Filing a Lawsuit

If mediation or settlement negotiations fail, the aggrieved party may file a lawsuit in the appropriate court. The litigation process includes filing the initial complaint, serving the defendant with notice, discovery (exchange of evidence and information), pre-trial motions, and eventually a trial.

Trial & Judgment

At trial, both parties present their arguments, evidence, and witness testimonies to the judge or jury. Once both sides have been heard, the judge or jury will render a decision. If the plaintiff prevails, the court may award damages, require the trustee to take a specific action, or even remove and replace the trustee.


Either party may appeal the court’s decision to a higher appellate court. The appellate court reviews the trial court’s proceedings to determine whether legal errors occurred that may have impacted the outcome.

What Is Trust Administration?

Trust administration is the process by which a trustee manages and distributes the assets of a trust according to the terms set forth by the grantor. The administration process ensures that the beneficiaries receive their designated assets in a timely and efficient manner, while also fulfilling the grantor’s wishes and complying with legal requirements.

How Does the Trust Administration Process Work?

Trust administration can be complex, so understanding the various steps involved can help trustees, beneficiaries, and other interested parties navigate this important responsibility. Our team of Orlando estate planning attorneys is here to help clients preserve their assets and last wishes in the event of death or unexpected life changes.

Trust Acceptance & Initial Review

When a trustee accepts their role, they should first review the trust document to familiarize themselves with the grantor’s intentions, the beneficiaries, and the specific terms and conditions. The trustee should also identify any immediate tasks or deadlines, such as notifying beneficiaries, gathering assets, or paying outstanding debts.

Notification of Interested Parties

The trustee is typically required to notify all beneficiaries and any other interested parties, such as creditors, about the trust administration. The notice should provide an overview of the trust, contact information for the trustee, and any other pertinent details. This step ensures transparency and allows the beneficiaries and other interested parties to raise any concerns or questions.

Asset Inventory & Valuation

The trustee must identify, locate, and inventory all of the trust’s assets, including real estate, bank accounts, investment accounts, and personal property. They should obtain a date-of-death value for each asset, which may require professional appraisals or valuations. The accurate valuation of assets is crucial for tax purposes and proper distribution to beneficiaries.

Managing Trust Assets

During the trust administration, the trustee is responsible for managing and protecting the trust assets. This may involve tasks such as collecting rents, paying bills, maintaining real property, and investing assets in accordance with the trust terms and applicable law. The trustee must act prudently and in the best interests of the beneficiaries.

Paying Debts & Expenses

The trustee is responsible for paying any outstanding debts and expenses associated with the trust or the grantor’s estate. This may include funeral expenses, taxes, and any valid claims from creditors. It is essential to ensure that all financial obligations are met before distributing assets to beneficiaries.

Filing Tax Returns

Trust administration often involves filing various tax returns, including income tax returns for the trust, the grantor’s final individual income tax return, and any required estate or inheritance tax returns. Trustees should consult with a tax professional to ensure compliance with tax laws and accurate reporting of trust income and deductions.

Distribution of Assets to Beneficiaries

Once all debts, expenses, and taxes have been paid, the trustee can proceed with the distribution of the trust assets to the beneficiaries according to the trust’s terms. This may involve liquidating assets, creating sub-trusts, or transferring property titles. The trustee should provide a final accounting to the beneficiaries, detailing the trust’s financial transactions and the distribution of assets.

Trust Termination

Once all trust assets have been distributed and all tasks completed, the trust administration process concludes, and the trust can be terminated. In some cases, a trust may continue for a specified period or until certain conditions are met, requiring ongoing administration by the trustee.

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Different Types of Trusts & Their Benefits

Trusts are legal arrangements that allow a third party, known as a trustee, to hold and manage assets on behalf of one or more beneficiaries. Trusts are versatile estate planning tools that offer numerous benefits, such as asset protection, tax savings, and privacy. There are many different types of trusts, each designed to serve specific purposes and address unique situations. This article will explore some of the most common types of trusts and their benefits.

Revocable Living Trusts

A revocable living trust is a popular choice for estate planning because it allows the grantor (the person creating the trust) to maintain control over the assets during their lifetime. We have Orlando business planning attorneys on staff to assist companies with establishing and executing living trusts for business purposes. This type of trust can be amended, modified, or revoked at any time, providing flexibility in response to changing circumstances.

  • Avoidance of probate – Assets in a revocable living trust bypass the probate process, saving time, money, and maintaining privacy. Our licensed Orlando probate attorneys provide legal assistance and representation for matters involving all types of revocable trusts.
  • Incapacity protection – If the grantor becomes incapacitated, a successor trustee can step in to manage the trust assets, avoiding the need for a court-appointed guardian.
  • Flexibility – The grantor can make changes to the trust, including adding or removing beneficiaries and altering distribution provisions.

Irrevocable Trusts

Unlike a revocable trust, an irrevocable trust cannot be altered or revoked once it has been established. This type of trust is often used to protect assets from potential creditors and minimize estate taxes.

  • Asset protection – Since the grantor no longer controls the assets, they are not considered part of the grantor’s estate and are therefore protected from creditors. Our Orlando asset protection attorneys have many years of experience in dealing with asset distribution and management for irrevocable trusts.
  • Tax benefits – Irrevocable trusts can help reduce estate taxes by removing the assets from the grantor’s taxable estate.
  • Control over distribution – The grantor can specify how the trust assets will be distributed to beneficiaries, ensuring that their wishes are carried out.

Charitable Trusts

Charitable trusts are designed to benefit a specific charity or charities, either during the grantor’s lifetime or after their death. The most common types are the charitable remainder trust (CRT) and the charitable lead trust (CLT).

  • Tax benefits – Both CRTs and CLTs provide tax advantages, such as income tax deductions for charitable contributions, reduced estate taxes, and potentially avoiding capital gains tax on appreciated assets. Hiring qualified Orlando capital gains tax reduction attorneys to help you understand and comply with Florida tax laws can save you more time, money, and frustration.
  • Supporting philanthropy – These trusts allow the grantor to support their favorite charities while still benefiting their family members or other beneficiaries.

Special Needs Trusts

A special needs trust is designed to provide financial support to a disabled beneficiary without jeopardizing their eligibility for government assistance programs, such as Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Medicaid.

  • Preservation of benefits – The trust can provide supplemental funds for the beneficiary without disqualifying them from receiving government assistance.
  • Financial security – A special needs trust ensures that the beneficiary has access to necessary resources for their care and well-being.

Spendthrift Trusts

A spendthrift trust is designed to protect a beneficiary’s inheritance from their own poor financial decisions, as well as from creditors. This kind of trust includes provisions that prevent the beneficiary from accessing the trust principal and restrict their ability to control the distributions.

  • Protection from creditors – Creditors cannot access the trust assets, providing a layer of financial protection for the beneficiary.
  • Fiscal discipline – Spendthrift provisions ensure that the beneficiary’s inheritance is managed and distributed responsibly, safeguarding their financial future.

Trust Administration Attorneys in Orlando, FL

If you are researching trust administration attorneys in Orlando, FL, call or submit an online request to schedule a consultation where you can meet our team and determine if we’re a good fit. We look forward to speaking with you and helping you through this process. Our law firm currently serves businesses and individuals in Central Florida and Orange County.

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Call or submit a form request to schedule a meeting with one of our attorneys. We look forward to speaking with you.

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